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Chihuahua Overview

You know that expression, “Good things come in small packages”? It’s definitely about Chihuahuas. These sassy little dogs come with big personalities and oodles of charm. They’ll rule the house and wrap you around their little finger, or rather, paw. If they’re not trained or socialized, Chihuahuas become overly territorial or fearful. For that reason, they’re often not the right match for families with young children. However, for small apartments and city-living, a Chihuahua is right at home. They just need a strong leader to show them the way.

They’re smart dogs that learn quickly, but they’re less eager to please than other breeds. Finding the right motivation for training will be key. Fiercely loyal, a Chihuahua is happiest in their owner’s lap. They also love to burrow deep in blankets on the couch—really anywhere that’s warm and cozy. With genetic origins dating back to 300 BC in Mexico, it’s safe to say that Chihuahuas like it hot. They can deal with a Canadian winter, but you’ll need to suit them up with a coat and boots. On those days, you’ll both be glad they only need a few short walks a day. Then it’s back to snoozing and dreaming of warm summer days. 

Did you know?

Heaven Sent Brandy, a Chihuahua, is the world's smallest dog by length at only 15.2 cm, nose to tail.

Chihuahua Stats

  • Good with other animals Good with other animals

  • Therapy dog Therapy dog

  • Service dog Service dog

Popularity ranking**
5-8 in / 3-6 lbs (S)
Average lifespan
14-16 years
Activity level
Vocal and protective
Barking level
Vocal and protective
Coat length

Caring for your breed

Daily serving

Daily kibble serving

0.5-1 cup

Daily exercise

Daily exercise

1/2 -1 hour


Grooming frequency

Brushed weekly

Dog Food

Feeding your Chihuahua

Chihuahuas won’t break the bank when it comes to food. These little dogs only need ¼ to ½ cup twice daily, depending on their age and activity level. Because you don’t need lots, it’s best to source high-quality kibble that gives your dog the right balance of protein, carbs, fat and fibre. Look at ingredients and research food brands to make sure you’re avoiding artificial ingredients, fillers, by-products and generic meat sources. Chihuahuas can be picky eaters so you might have to try a few types of food before they dig in. 


*Contrary to popular belief, there are no 100% hypoallergenic dogs. There are breeds, however, that have non-shedding coats and are suited well to allergy sufferers.
**The breed popularity ranking is based on the most current ranking of the American Kennel Club (AKC)

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